Hepatitis B is a dangerous liver infection that can cause inflammation (swelling and reddening) and damage to the liver. Hepatitis B, also known as HBV or Hep B, can cause cirrhosis (toughening or scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and even death. To prevent hepatitis B and to protect your livers, you can take some Chinese medicine supplements such as Proganic 保肝寧肝硬化中藥治療馬來西亞.
What are the types of hepatitis B?
Acute: When you initially get infected with hepatitis B, you will experience an acute infection. Many people are able to rid themselves of it and recover. In fact, roughly 4 out of every 5 infected adults fall into this category.
Chronic: You have chronic hepatitis B if you are unable to eradicate the virus within six months or longer. (Chronic refers to something that lasts a lengthy time.) Chronic hepatitis B causes inflammation, which leads to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer, both of which are serious and potentially fatal diseases. Treatment can decrease the progression of the disease, lower the risk of liver cancer, and improve your chances of survival.
How common is hepatitis B?
In Africa and the Western Pacific, hepatitis B is fairly widespread. There are approximately 292 million persons infected with chronic hepatitis B worldwide. In the United States, this number reaches 2 million people.
In the United States, the incidence of infections had been declining, but fewer vaccines among adults, combined with the onset of the opioid crisis and the use of injectable drugs, has caused the numbers to rise again. Women who are infected can pass the virus on to their children. Exposed children under the age of five are more likely to develop a chronic infection than those who are infected later in life.
Who are hepatitis B carriers?
Hepatitis B carriers are people who do have the hepatitis B virus in their blood but don’t feel ill. Between 6% and 10% of those infected with the virus will become carriers, allowing them to infect others without their knowledge. HBV is carried by more than 250 million people around the world, with India accounting for around 10% to 15% of the total. Children are the ones who are most likely to become carriers. Nearly 9 out of 10 babies infected at birth get HBV, while about half of children infected between birth and age 5 develop HBV. You can find out if you have hepatitis B by taking a blood test.
How is hepatitis B diagnosed?
There are three main ways to diagnose HBV infection, including:
Blood test: Blood serum (or plasma) tests reveal how your immune system is responding to the infection. You can also find out if you are immune to HBV with a blood test.
Abdominal ultrasound: An ultrasound employs sound waves to reveal the size and structure of your liver, as well as the quality of blood flow through it.
Liver biopsy: A small sample of your liver tissue is extracted and transported to a lab for analysis through a tiny incision.
The blood test used to identify hepatitis B is not one that you would get on a regular basis at the doctor’s office. People who have been infected with hepatitis B frequently discover they have it when they try to donate blood. Blood donations are screened for infection on a regular basis.
Within 30 to 60 days of infection, the virus can be recognised. About 70% of persons with hepatitis B develop symptoms, which usually show 90 days after the virus is first exposed to the body.